What is Reading?

                     ASHA American Speech & Hearing Association

Phonology understanding of letter-sound associations while reading (i.e., phonics) accurate spelling of words while writing
Morphology understanding grammar while reading appropriate use of grammar when writing
Syntax understanding sentence structure while reading using correct sentence structure when writing
Semantics reading vocabulary writing vocabulary

(includes discourse)

understanding point-of-view, needs of the audience, etc. conveying point-of-view, intended message, etc.