Speech Disorders


Speech Disorders

Learning Tree provides speech (articulation) evaluations and therapy to improve speech sound production.  Auditory discrimination is included for auditory processing development.

“When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder. Difficulties pronouncing sounds, or articulation disorders, and stuttering are examples of speech disorders. Both children and adults can have speech and language disorders. They can occur as a result of a medical problem or have no known cause.”

American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA)

 

Speech disorders in children

 Speech disorders in children refer to the conditions in which a child has difficulty creating or forming the speech sounds needed to communicate with others.

Articulation disorders are the most common form of speech disorder.  Articulation involves the accurate production of the speech/sound system of language.   This development of sounds follows a typical developmental sequence and typically develops naturally.

Articulation disorders often have no clear cause.  Speech production challenges may be contributed to phonological processing deficits.  These processing deficits entail the incorrect production of a group of sounds with similar error patterns. Speech disorders may occur in other family members or be due to problems or changes in the structure or shape of the muscles and bones used to make speech sounds.

Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a motor speech disorder. Children with CAS have problems saying sounds, syllables, and words. This is not because of muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has problems planning to move the body parts (e.g., lips, jaw, tongue) needed for speech. The child knows what he or she wants to say, but his/her brain has difficulty coordinating the muscle movements necessary to say those words.”  ASHA